Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Microbial Biotechnology can be defined the aspect of biotechnology which generally involves the use of the microorganisms or their products. Microbial biotechnology can also be referred to as industrial microbiology because of its new discoveries made in the field of genetic engineering. Microbiology in industrial aspect was initially established for the alcoholic fermentation process to produce wine and beer, and later it was used for microbial production of antibiotics, enzymes, butanol, citric acids etc. Recent research has shown that microbial biotechnology plays major important role in improved vaccine production, animal microbiology, plant biotechnology and disease-diagnostic tools.

  • Track 1-1Microbial engineering
  • Track 1-2Detection and identification
  • Track 1-3Study of microbes
  • Track 1-4Metabolic pathway
  • Track 1-5Microbial products
  • Track 1-6Microbe-Human interactions
  • Track 1-7Bioremediation and biomining
  • Track 1-8Enzymes and specific biochemical pathways
  • Track 1-9Microbial physiology
  • Track 1-10Future bioindustries

The study of the microorganisms of the oral cavity and their interactions between oral microorganisms or with the host is generally known as Oral Microbiology. The growth of characteristics microorganisms depends on the environment present in the human mouth found there. Oral bacteria have evolved mechanisms to sense their environment and modify the host.  Water, nutrients as well as a moderate temperature are some of the common source provided for the survival of these microbes. The resident microbes present in the mouth adhere to the teeth and gums to resist the mechanical flushing from the mouth to stomach. After reaching to stomach the acid-sensitive microbes are destroyed by hydrochloric acid.

  • Track 2-1Dental plaque
  • Track 2-2Oral infections
  • Track 2-3Infants and oral infections
  • Track 2-4Early diagnosis and prevention
  • Track 2-5Vaccination against oral infections
  • Track 2-6Oral microbiome
  • Track 2-7Oral bacteria and its effects

Microbial Pathogenesis deals with disease progression, immune responses and its effects. This study helps to identify the genetic factors responsible for certain infections. Recent research has shown greater impact in host-mediated pathogenesis, immune responses to infection, immune deficiencies, cell signalling in pathogen mediated immune response and pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs) etc. The study also helps to understand the concept of both short-term and long-term interactions between microbes and their hosts.

  • Track 3-1Interactions between microbes and hosts
  • Track 3-2Virulence factors
  • Track 3-3Host susceptibility or resistance
  • Track 3-4Immune mechanisms
  • Track 3-5Identification & cloning methods
  • Track 3-6Sequencing of relevant genes
  • Track 3-7Genetic studies
  • Track 3-8Viruses & prokaryotic organisms
  • Track 3-9Chronic infections

Microbial Genomics can be defined as a field of science that analyses and compares the complete genome of microorganisms.  Generally microbial genomes are widely variable and reflect the enormous diversity of bacteria, archaea and lower eukaryotes etc. The study of microbial genomes helps us to better understand the broader biology of bacteria, evolution of bacteria and how their genetic composition contributes to their tangible characteristics.

  • Track 4-1Microbial functional genomics
  • Track 4-2Microbial diversity
  • Track 4-3Microbial genome sequencing
  • Track 4-4Genomic technologies
  • Track 4-5Genome-wide functional analysis
  • Track 4-6Applied functional genomics

Microbial interactions are diverse, ubiquitous, critically important in the function of any biological community, and are crucial in global biogeochemistry. The most common cooperative interactions are generally seen in microbial systems are mutually beneficial. The interactions between the two populations are classified according to whether both populations are positively or negatively affected. There are many sorts of symbiotic relationship such as mutualism, parasitism, amensalism, and commensalism between the organisms. Mutualism and parasitism have been the most extensively studied in microbial relationships.

  • Track 5-1Mutualism
  • Track 5-2Parasitism
  • Track 5-3Parasitic interaction
  • Track 5-4Plant growth promoting interactions
  • Track 5-5Host-Microbial interactions
  • Track 5-6Molecular interactions
  • Track 5-7Microbial symbiosis
  • Track 5-8Principles of microbial interaction

Microbial Ecology can be defined as how microorganisms interact with their environment, with each other and with their hosts. It includes the ecology of microorganisms in natural and engineered environments; genomic, metagenomic and molecular advances in understanding of microbial interactions; microbial diversity and phylogeny; microbial drivers of biogeochemical processes. Microbial ecology is also of importance to studies of evolution because of high level of horizontal gene transfer among microbial communities.

  • Track 6-1Microbial population
  • Track 6-2Microbe-microbe and microbe-host interactions
  • Track 6-3Evolutionary genetics
  • Track 6-4Integrated genomics
  • Track 6-5Post-genomics
  • Track 6-6Geomicrobiology
  • Track 6-7Functional diversity of natural habitats
  • Track 6-8Microbial ecosystem impacts

Microbial diseases can be defined as sicknesses or ailments caused in animals and humans by microorganisms. Recent research and advancement have been done to prevent and treat the diseases microbes cause. An incredible increase in human knowledge concerning microbes was seen in many countries. This also includes the study of how microbes cause some infectious diseases and how to fight those microbes. Certain changes in the environment have placed certain human populations in contact with newly identified microbes that cause diseases never seen before, or which previously happened only in isolated populations. 

  • Track 7-1Bacterial infections
  • Track 7-2Fungal infections
  • Track 7-3Viral infections
  • Track 7-4Infections in animals
  • Track 7-5Plant diseases
  • Track 7-6Routes of transmission
  • Track 7-7Antigen-Antibody
  • Track 7-8Vaccination
  • Track 7-9Antibiotics

Molecular diagnostics in the field of microbial biotechnology has experienced a remarkable growth and advancement in recent years resulting in significant improvement in disease diagnosis and intervention. Rapid, sensitive, and accurate detection and identification of microbial entities are critical issues for ensuring timeliness of clinical, environmental, and food safety interventions etc. Most of the advanced microbial detection methods involve multidisciplinary expertise (such as biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, material science, genomics, statistics, and bioinformatics) etc. The methods and approaches of microbial detection may vary quite significantly depending on the different type of microbes and the nature of the sample or specimen under investigation.

  • Track 8-1Polymerase chain reaction
  • Track 8-2Molecular diagnostic techniques
  • Track 8-3Nucleic acids technology
  • Track 8-4Amplification technologies
  • Track 8-5Antibody detection
  • Track 8-6Epidemiological studies
  • Track 8-7Limitations of molecular methods
  • Track 8-8Innate immune response
  • Track 8-9HPV and HCV vaccines

Vaccine design and development have been used against infectious diseases, so it basically required a revolution in the approach to vaccine and therapeutics. Few vaccines are involved to act against specific diseases and few are not. Some scientists are working on developing a new therapeutic vaccine to help currently infected patients maintain lower viral loads and finding new ways for better cure. Latest technologies such as genomics, proteomics, functional genomics, and synthetic chemistry can be used for the rational identification of antigens, the synthesis of complex glycans and much more that are needed in designing vaccines and therapeutics. Vaccine and therapeutic help to reduce the cost of failure and increase the chance of clinical success.

  • Track 9-1Human vaccines
  • Track 9-2Vaccination for animals
  • Track 9-3Vaccine components
  • Track 9-4Antigen presentation
  • Track 9-5Virus replication
  • Track 9-6Vaccine safety
  • Track 9-7New vaccine technologies

Probiotics are generally the beneficial bacteria, whereas prebiotics are food for these bacteria. Probiotics includes live bacteria that are found in certain foods or supplements. They can provide numerous health benefits as well. Prebiotics are those substances which comes from types of carbs (mostly fiber) that humans can't digest. The beneficial bacteria in our gut eat this fiber. The gut bacteria, collectively referred to as the gut flora or gut microbiota, perform many important functions in the human body and which are very beneficial to us. Eating balanced amounts of both probiotics and prebiotics can help ensure we have right balance of these bacteria, which should improve our health in different ways.

  • Track 10-1Types of prebiotics
  • Track 10-2Benefits of prebiotics and probiotics
  • Track 10-3Foods with probiotics
  • Track 10-4Gut microbiome
  • Track 10-5Prebiotic supplements
  • Track 10-6Metabolic disorder
  • Track 10-7Emerging and novel prebiotics

Medical biotechnology can be defined as the use of living cell and cell materials to research and produce pharmaceutical and diagnostic products that help to treat and prevent human disease. It generally focusses in the development and production of new vaccines, medicines and diagnostics. It includes the study which are relevant in diagnosing diseases and processes that give rise to diseases and the production process of a vaccine or drug.  Scientists focus and concentrate more on the development and optimalisation of biotechnological methods to develope or produce a vaccine or drug. It deals with the study of microorganisms that causes infectious diseases, its diagnostics, prevention and treatment. Researchers have recently developed more efficient methods for designing and making drugs that are targeted at the molecular level and therefore conceivably more effective but less toxic. 

  • Track 11-1Bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides
  • Track 11-2Microbes in medicine
  • Track 11-3Recent medical technology
  • Track 11-4Enzyme and antibiotic production
  • Track 11-5Drug delivery
  • Track 11-6Pharmaceutical microbiology
  • Track 11-7Marine microbiology
  • Track 11-8Microbial engineering
  • Track 11-9Applications of medical biotechnology

Microbiology has a great impact on many aspects of cancer research. Cancer is one of the major killers and effects the most. Generally, 10-20% of viruses are involved for the cause of cancer in human. Cancer remains one of the major challenges from the 21st century. Nowadays the increasing numbers of cases are not accompanied by adequate progress in therapy. Scientists has found new ways and directions like immunotherapy, including the use of specific types of microorganisms. This type of treatment is expected to stimulate the immune system of human body for the selective elimination of cancer cells. Microorganisms can be used in different ways, based on their specific properties, that is, toxin production, anaerobic lifestyle, or binding substances that can be delivered to a specific location (vectors). Also, the use of microbes for cancer treatment also has some disadvantages. Nevertheless, this kind of treatment can supplement conventional anticancer therapy, giving cancer patients a chance and hope of recovery.

  • Track 12-1Anticancer therapy
  • Track 12-2Immunotherapy
  • Track 12-3Bacteria used as anticancer agent
  • Track 12-4Identification and detection
  • Track 12-5Microbial system for detecting carcinogens
  • Track 12-6Chemotherapy and microbial products
  • Track 12-7Cancer drug resistant
  • Track 12-8Advantages and limitation

Bioinformatics is the mathematical modelling of biological systems by using the computational methods. It is one of the most important and necessary development needed for the improvement of human life and systems. Drug designing can be done with the help of computational biology and various methods and models found by the researchers. Bioinformatics is utilized as one of the major part of breaking down of the genomes, proteomes , three-dimensional demonstrating of biomolecules and biologic systems etc.

  • Track 13-1Analysis of microbial sequential data
  • Track 13-2Identification of protein coding
  • Track 13-3Genomic and proteomic database
  • Track 13-4Metabolic pathway
  • Track 13-5Protein-DNA interactions
  • Track 13-6Data mining
  • Track 13-7Mathematical modelling
  • Track 13-8Identifying gene function

Protein production from microbes includes processes for producing cells of microorganisms for use as protein sources in human food or animal feed. It also includes photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic microorganisms that have been operated on a pilotplant or commercial scale. The production of microbial protein or single cell protein (SCP) is revolutionizing protein farming and is one of the major steps in reducing the shortage of protein supply. An increasing population as well as demand for high-protein diets will require dramatic changes in the food industry, as limited resources and environmental issues will make animal derived foods and proteins, gradually more unsustainable to produce them. Scientists developed an economic model around the genome-scale metabolic network of E. coli to study the feasibility of certain recombinant protein production as a food source.

  • Track 14-1Cloning and transformation
  • Track 14-2Fermentation process
  • Track 14-3Purification
  • Track 14-4Single cell protein
  • Track 14-5Recombinant proteins
  • Track 14-6Transgenic plants and animals
  • Track 14-7Advantages and disadvantages
  • Track 14-8Economic and market challenges

Industrial microbiology is one of the branch of applied microbiology that generally uses the microbes in industrial processes like fermentation, antibiotic, enzymes, antibody-antigen, organic acid production etc. Industrial microbiology is becoming one of the of the most promising approach towards cost reduction and resource conservation and it leads to major benefits as well. It uses the genetic and molecular manipulation of microorganisms to make or modify process or products for specific use for human needs.

  • Track 15-1Medical products and benefits
  • Track 15-2Food and agricultural products
  • Track 15-3Biopolymers
  • Track 15-4Bioremediation
  • Track 15-5Metabolic engineering
  • Track 15-6Antibacterial effects
  • Track 15-7Microbial activity
  • Track 15-8Contamination control
  • Track 15-9Wastewater management

Agricultural Microbiology can generally be defined as the study of soil fertility, microbial degradation of organic matter, plant associated microbes etc. Microorganisms plays a major important key role in increasing the soil fertility thereby increasing the overall production in the agriculture sector. Biofertilizers are prepared from microorganisms, which are generally of   low cost, renewable source of plant nutrients which supplements the chemical fertilizer. Microorganisms plays a vital role in the  microbial antagonism, enriching nutrient transformation process etc. It helps us to study the whole concept involved in the agriculture and gives us an idea to work according to it.

  • Track 16-1Soil microbes and its importance
  • Track 16-2Pathogenicity of the plant microbes
  • Track 16-3Virulence of the plant microbes
  • Track 16-4Physiology of the plant microbes
  • Track 16-5Bio- fuels
  • Track 16-6Plant associated microbes
  • Track 16-7Pest and disease management

Environmental biotechnology can be defined as the branch of biotechnology that addresses environmental problems, such as the removal of pollution, renewable energy generation or biomass production, by exploiting biological processes etc. It also includes the study of natural environment. Environmental biotechnology recent technologies lead to solutions regarding the harness biological process for commercial uses and exploitation. It also means the optimal use of nature, in the form of plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and algae, to produce renewable energy, food and nutrients in a synergistic integrated cycle of profit-making processes.

  • Track 17-1Conversation of plants to biofuels
  • Track 17-2Plant based bio-plastics
  • Track 17-3Biotreatment
  • Track 17-4Biodegradation
  • Track 17-5Bioaugmentation
  • Track 17-6Biosensors
  • Track 17-7Biomonitoring

Food microbiology can be defined as the study of microorganisms that inhabit in the food, causes food borne diseases, and food spoilage.  Microorganisms are essentially important to produce fermented foods like curd, yoghurt, cheese, beer, wine and bread etc. Probiotics consumption and its effects and benefits is increasing day by day and that become increasingly important in food microbiology. Bacterial toxins are the major cause of food contamination and its adverse effects. Scientists have found that microbial polymers are also used in the food industry.  Few microorganisms and their products can also be used to combat certain pathogenic microbes.

  • Track 18-1Food testing
  • Track 18-2Emerging foodborne pathogens
  • Track 18-3Food spoilage
  • Track 18-4Food Fermentation
  • Track 18-5Food preservations
  • Track 18-6Dairy product evaluation
  • Track 18-7Evaluating food appearance

Microbiology plays major role in nursing profession. Nurses need to learn the foundation that microbiology has to offer.  Nurses must have enough education and training in microbiology to perform many roles within clinical nursing practice such as administering antibiotics, collecting specimens, preparing specimens for transport and delivery, educating patients and families, communicating results to the healthcare team, and developing care plans based on results of microbiology studies and patient immunological status etc.  While administering smears for the gram positive and negative testing, nurses must use microbiology to analyze the smears for bacterial contamination. Nurses must also use microbiology when it comes to the disposal of biomedical waste of all types and must follow the instructions properly. 

  • Track 19-1Medical microbiology
  • Track 19-2Nursing practise and its advantages
  • Track 19-3Diseases transmission
  • Track 19-4Cleanliness
  • Track 19-5Waste disposal
  • Track 19-6Sterilization
  • Track 19-7Infectivity
  • Track 19-8Infection control
  • Track 19-9Nursing hygiene
  • Track 19-10Hospital infections
  • Track 19-11Handwashing

Microbes in alternative energy generally focuses on the interface between microbiology and chemical engineering to harness naturally evolved microbial processes to convert sunlight into useful products.  Researchers are investigating the growth characteristics of algae in hopes that we can learn unique metabolic functions that can be exploited for commercial biofuel and specialty bioproducts production etc. Microbes have adapted in different environments which can be used in different solutions. Microbes can be used to convert into sunlight, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen into a renewable fuel source etc. Algae-based products can be found anywhere from cosmetics to nutrients to pigments.  And as they grow fast, they can be used for photosynthetic organisms to produce biofuels, specialty chemicals, food, and feed. 

  • Track 20-1Energy productions using bacteria
  • Track 20-2Conversation of biomass energy
  • Track 20-3Electricity from biofuel cells
  • Track 20-4Electricity from waste water
  • Track 20-5Metabolic engineering
  • Track 20-6Renewable fuel
  • Track 20-7Fuel from biomass
  • Track 20-8Waste powered waste treatment